Study in Estonia
Located in the Baltic states of Northern Europe, Estonia is a small country and is home to around 1.3 million people. Despite its small size, Estonia is a well developed country with an advanced high-income economy. It has made great progress in terms of digital advancement, becoming the first ever country to hold elections over the internet in 2005.
Bordered by Latvia and Russia, and sitting on the Baltic Sea, Estonia is a lowland country. It has beautiful lakes and forests, as well as many rivers and a large coastal area. The country has only been inhabited since around 13,000 years ago, since the ice melted from the last glacial era. Until the 13th Century crusades, Estonia was a highly Pagan country. Early literature mentions sacred tree groves and now unknown gods.
Since becoming independent from the Soviet Union in 1991, Estonia has developed at a fast rate. The country is now a member of the EU and NATO, and is extremely modernised. Even though the bigger cities have experienced major changes, there are obvious elements of the country’s ancient history, with castles and historical architecture in the cities.
The climate in Estonia is mild, you would experience warm summers and cold winters. This means that Estonians spend a lot of the summer outside enjoying the scenery, and a lot of the winter inside. If you prefer to be outside in the winter, cross-country skiing is a very popular sport!
Cost of Studying and Living in Estonia
Estonia uses the Euro (€) as its currency.
Tuition fees at Estonian institutions vary depending on whether you choose a public or private institution. It will also depend on what level you are studying at, as doctoral degrees in Estonia are free of charge to all students. On average, you should expect a bachelor’s or master’s degree to cost between €1,000 and €8,000 per year. If you choose to take a specialised degree, such as a medical degree, you should expect it to cost around €11,000 per year. Scholarships are available for international students, but they are mainly at postgraduate level. For information about scholarships, contact your chosen institution.
Your living costs will depend mainly on where you live. A dormitory room will cost around €80-€100 per month, whereas a private rented apartment will cost around €100-€550 per month. The Estonian government recommends that students budget for around €300-€500 per month to cover your living costs.
If you are from an EU/EEA country or Switzerland, you will be able to work in Estonia without any extra permissions. If you are from any other country, you will need to apply for a work permit before you are able to seek employment. This can be done at the Police and Border Guard Board. You should not rely on gaining employment to finance your studying and living in Estonia.
Another living cost that you should consider is health insurance. If you are an EHIC card holder, then you will be able to access the same healthcare as Estonian citizens. If you are from an EU country and do not hold an EHIC card, you should apply for one before you move to Estonia. If you do not, you will have to purchase health insurance. If you are from any other country, you will need to either purchase a health insurance policy for your stay in Estonia, or check that your current health insurance policy is valid whilst you are in Estonia. Only certain health insurance companies are accepted by the Estonian Migration Board, so you should check with your institution or the Migration Board for more details.
If you are from an EU country you will not need to apply for a student visa to study in Estonia. However, you will need to apply for a temporary right of residence permit after you arrive. You will also need to register with the local authorities within three months of your arrival. Within one month of obtaining a temporary residence permit, students from the EU must apply for an Estonian ID card. Your right of residence permit lasts for 5 years, so you should not need to renew it unless your studies are longer than this.
If you are from any other country you will need to apply for a temporary residence permit before your arrival. This will act as a student visa. To obtain this document you will need to go to the Estonian embassy or consulate in your home country. Within one month of your arrival in Estonia, you need to register with the local authorities. Temporary residence permits are valid for one year, so will need to be renewed. The renewal should be done at least two months before the permit expires.
The official language of Estonia is Estonian, but some members of the older generations still speak Russian. This is due to the historic rule Russia had over Estonia before its independence.
Estonian students learn many foreign languages, including English, Russian, German and French, so you are bound to be able to communicate with younger people if you do not know much Estonian. Even though English is widely spoken, you should make an effort to pick up some Estonian, communicating with the locals and other students is a great way of practising. This skill will look superb on your CV/resume, and will be useful if you wish to gain employment in Estonia during or after your studies!
It is common for institutions to offer English taught courses, but if English is not your first language you will have to prove your skills match the teaching requirements. If your language skills do not reach the required level, your university may offer English language courses to help you improve your skills.
The capital and largest city in Estonia, Tallinn is home to just over 450,000 people. Tallinn first received city rights in 1248, but was inhabited for around 5,000 years before that. After being claimed by a Danish crusade in 1219, the city was then under Scandinavian and German rule over the years. Due to its location, Tallinn became a major trading hub with large ports. Tallinn’s Old Town is one of the best preserved medieval cities in Europe, and is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site. The city has been the birthplace of many international companies, including Skype.
The city boasts 10 higher education institutions, including Tallinn University (TU). Tallinn University is a public research university, and the institution in its present form was founded in 2005. Around 8.7% of the degree students are international, and around 11.1% of the faculty at TU are international. You will also find Tallinn University of Technology (TalTech) located in the city. Founded in 1918, TalTech is the only technical institution in Estonia, and has been a public institution since 1920.
Tartu is Estonia’s second largest city, and is home to just under 100,000 people. The city is often recognised as the intellectual centre of the country, thanks to the presence of the country’s oldest university. Also located in the city is the Ministry of Education and Research, the Supreme Court of Estonia, and the Estonian National Museum. The University of Tartu is one of the city’s largest employers, leading to a large proportion of highly educated and skilled professionals living in the city.
The University, founded in 1632, is the oldest and most prestigious university in Estonia. It is the national university of Estonia, as well as the only classical university in the country. Almost 14,000 students are enrolled at the institution, with over 1,300 of these being international.
You will also find the Estonian University of Life Sciences (EMÜ) located in Tartu. The University is a centre of research and development in fields such as agriculture, forestry, animal science and many other related areas. EMU is the perfect choice for any international students looking to study biological, natural and geographical sciences.
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